It’s important to know that your product has a Certificate of Analysis for the simple reason that it makes you feel safe. Note that it makes you feel safe … not that you are safe from bad stuff in your hemp/marijuana product. As a food product, the irony here is that these tests are on the product not the facilities as it is with most food products.
Mrs. Conaway decided to look up all those badass sounding terms and break them down for us to see what they do … to us and for us.
Let’s start with this one – Aerobic Plate Count.
Basic meaning is the analysis detects and indicates the bacterial populations on a sample. It does not differentiate types of bacteria. It does gauge sanitary quality, organoleptic (acting on, or involving the use of, the sense organs – ie. smell, color, taste, feel) acceptability and adherence to good manufacturing practices and may be an indicator of safety.
Total Coliform Bacterial Count – right away we know that this is an indicator of contamination in water. It can be killed with disinfection. Looking at the screenshot, we know that it’s
content is less than 100 and that means this … For every 100 mL of water tested no total coliforms or E. coli should be detected
and that obviously is true here.
Total Bile Tolerant Gram-Negative Count. This test is used to detect and quantify bacteria species that may be present on a
cannabis sample. This type of bacteria can survive in the human stomach which is where the bile tolerant comes from and they have a protective cell wall that causes them to turn red when put through the gram staining process (the gram-negative part). This is what makes BTGN harmful to humans. Sadly, they thrive everywhere in all environments and they are a challenge because the outer membrane that protects them from gram staining also protects them from antibiotics, detergents and anti-microbial enzymes produced by the immune system. When immune cells “lyse” (undergo or cause to undergo lysis) gram-negative bacteria
cells it can cause a toxic reaction that can include an increased respiratory rate and low blood pressure – a life-threatening condition known as septic shock.
Keep in mind that all these tests are performed independently by labs according to their state and/or Federal rules. Some are pretty intense and others are more relaxed with respect to their rules for tests.
Total Yeast & Mold. This is a winner to be aware of. This test is an indication of yeast and mold contamination on a cannabis sample and that is critical to all forms of cannabis you ingest whether it’s topically or orally or inhaled.
Aspergillus fumigatus produces toxins that can cause potentially fatal infections. The drawback to tests for yeast and mold do not tell us the difference between pathogenic, beneficial or benign ones. You might say they regulate it make their selves feel like they are doing good. Especially since as it turns out, the
growers might use Trichoderma which is a fungus that helps plant
nutrition and protect it from disease. The testing recommends a less than 10,000 CFU/g on cannabis plant material and 1,000 CFU/g on extracts. FROM:: https://www.medicinalgenomics.com/applications/total-yeast-and-mold/
What is also included on some Certificates of Analysis are things like the appearance, aroma, looks or dissolution. Potency numbers are helpful in determining if it will do the job you want if you to know what you expect from your tinctures. Some also list on the Certificate of Analysis, the terpenes which can be almost more important than anything else as they are considered crucial to the mood lift experience.
Last, but not least in importance, Mrs. Conaway would like you to be aware that a good Certificate of Analysis has numerous tidbits to assure they are giving you the highest quality product and they do that by adding lot numbers, the correct and true name of the product, dates of manufacture and the date of the analysis. Expiration dates and one in particular adds the Oil batch number!
Be aware there is no conformity required and they will show you what they have room for, can afford to test for or just feel what is important. Do not be alarmed if they are not the same. If you are in doubt, it’s so easy to rectify! DO NOT BUY IT. Problem solved.
It may make you feel super cool when you compare the label to the Certificate of Analysis and find they match … that’s a winner!
You can also look at this resource for information, American Herbal Pharmacopoeia
Enjoy yourself as you sift through the mountains of data and information. It’s there for your assurance that you are getting the best you can afford. Heck, we have known of people who use stuff made in a kitchen sink with absolutely no testing and
guess what? The victim survived! All the testing is good but mainly find a good quality company that vomits and regurgitates their quality control over and over. They are the trusty ones and the ones Mrs. Conaway favors over-all. Thank you for reading. It’s important to educate yourself on things like this.
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